Monstera Monstera deliciosaBrand - PlantX US
Fast-growing and stunning, the Monstera deliciosa has air purifying benefits making it an excellent addition to any home.
Key Information and Plant Overview
- Other Common Names: Swiss Cheese Plant, Split Leaf Philo, Philo-Monstera
- Binomial Name: Monstera deliciosa
- Care Level: Easy
- Light: Bright, indirect
- Water: Allow top 2” of soil to dry
- Pet Friendly: No
One of the easiest plants to care for. The Monstera deliciosa is great for those who are a little impatient. As the plant matures and receives bright, indirect light, its new leaves will start to come in with deep fenestrations. Fast-growing and stunning, this plant has air purifying benefits making it an excellent addition to any home.
PlantX Top Tip: The brighter the light, the happier this plant will be.
How to Care for Monstera
- Light: Prefers bright, indirect light. Can tolerate low to medium light.
- Water: Allow the top 2 inches of the soil to dry before watering. Water thoroughly and remove excess water. Do not allow the soil to completely dry out.
- Humidity: Average relative humidity of 25% to 49%
- Temperature: Average from 18°C to 24°C (65°F - 75°F)
- Fertilizer: Follow a monthly fertilizing schedule when the plant is actively growing. In most cases, this is in the spring and summer. Use a balanced fertilizer - this means a ratio of NPK that is all the same. Ex: 10-10-10.
- Soil: Use a well-draining, high organic matter soil mix.
- Propagation: Stem cuttings can be placed in moist soil or water until it forms roots that are about 2-3” long then transplant to moist soil. Take a cutting with a node (where the petiole meets the main stem) and at least 2-3 healthy leaves on it.
- Repotting: This can be done every 12-18 months. Choose a pot that is 2” larger in diameter than the original pot.
- Cleaning Tip: Remove damaged and yellowing, old leaves at the base of the petiole with a pair of shears.
- Toxicity: Toxic. Always keep your plants away from curious children and pets.
Monstera - Common Problems
Why are the leaves turning yellow: As a plant matures they lose their bottom foliage. This is completely normal and unavoidable. If the upper leaves are turning yellow, you may need to reassess your watering routine or move the plant away from direct sunlight.
There are dark brown spots on the edges of the leaves: There are a few problems that create dark brown spots - 1. Low humidity. Monitor the humidity levels in your space, if needed you can increase the humidity by misting or with a humidifier. Keep the plant away from any dry heat sources. 2. Overwatering. Follow the watering instructions - allow the top 2” inches of the soil to dry before watering. 3. Too much sun. Although it enjoys a bright location, it’s best to keep the plant out of direct sunlight.
The leaves are beginning to droop and look very sad. What should I do: Check the moisture level of the soil. Is it very dry? Monsteras like a consistent soil moisture level - allow the top 2” of the soil to dry and then water. If the plant becomes too dry, the leaves begin to droop and become almost lifeless.
Signs of Overwatering: New growth becomes soft and brown and the leaves begin to drop.
Common Pests: Scale, spider mites, and thrips.
Frequently Asked Questions
How much light does a monstera need?
To achieve large fenestrated leaves on your Monstera, you’ll need to place your plant in a location with bright, indirect light. It is tolerant of low light conditions but it won’t live to its full potential. Close to the south, west, or east-facing window is the ideal location.